Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, closely linked to obesity and inactivity, in which your body has developed a resistance to insulin causing your body to not use insulin properly to keep blood glucose levels at a normal level.
Why is this Important?
When your cells are unable to absorb the glucose they need, glucose is built up in your blood and can lead to increased levels of fatigue, or long term eye, nerve, kidney, and heart complications.
How to Manage
Though management of Type 2 diabetes can come from insulin, or prescribed medication, the primary and most beneficial form of management to your wellbeing in through healthy diet and engaging in daily physical activity – overall making positive lifestyle changes.
What Trilogy Offers
Trilogy Health Services utilizes the United Healthcare Diabetes Prevention Program to provide employees with resources to educate and guide you through prevention and care plans in any stage of diabetes development.
What You Can Do to Prevent or Treat Diabetes
Type 1 and gestational diabetes cannot be prevented. The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes is to make these healthy lifestyle changes:
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat lots of whole grains
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day
- Limit your alcohol intake to two drinks per day at most
- Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol low
There is no cure for diabetes, so people with the disease may have to work hard to keep their blood sugar in check. If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will recommend treatment options, which may include:
- Keeping track of your blood glucose levels with frequent testing.
- Changing your diet.
- Taking medications to help control diabetes. Insulin is usually given through a shot or pump.
How to Talk to Your Doctor
Be sure your doctor knows if any of your family members have diabetes. And, talk to him or her about your risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
If you have symptoms of diabetes, it’s important to get tested right away so you can start managing the disease. Symptoms include:
- Being very thirsty
- Urinating a lot
- Feeling very hungry
- Feeling very tired
- Losing weight without trying
- Having sores that are slow to heal
- Having dry, itchy skin
- Losing feeling in or tingling in the hands or feet
- Having blurry vision
- Having more infections than usual
If your doctor suspects diabetes, you will have either a fasting blood glucose test or an oral glucose tolerance test to check your blood sugars.