Take Control of Your Diabetes Today
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Quick Facts:
- Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States.
- Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90-95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
- In the last 20 years, the number of adults diagnosed with diabetes has more than tripled due to the growing rate of overweight or obese adults.
- More than 30 million people in the United States have diabetes, and 1 in 4 of them don’t know they have it.
- More than 84 million US adults—over a third—have pre-diabetes, and 90% of them don’t know they have it.
- Medical costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for people who don’t have diabetes.
- In Kentucky – 1.2 million people have pre-diabetes, and 108,000 people do not know they have diabetes.
- In Indiana – 1.7 million people have pre-diabetes, and 160,000 people do not know they have diabetes.
- In Michigan – 2.7 million people have pre-diabetes, and 180,000 people do not know they have diabetes.
- In Ohio – 3.07 million people have pre-diabetes, and 286,000 people do not know they have diabetes.
Assessing Your Diabetes Risk Level: 3 Tests
Knowing your risk level for developing diabetes, is the first step to preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. The puppies in the above video will help you determine your risk level, but if you don’t like puppies, click here to access the risk test provided by the American Diabetes Association.
Once you have determined your risk level, the next step is to get tested to determine your blood glucose levels. There are three main ways to get your blood glucose levels tested:
- A1C Testing: This blood test (does not require fasting), indicated your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells.
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Testing: For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours.
- Fasting Glucose: A test to determine how much sugar is in a blood sample after an overnight fast. The test typically is done in the morning, before a person has eaten.